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Current Issue: Equity Update; October, 2016; 10(2)

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Methods Documents

Ueffing E, Tugwell P, Welch V, Petticrew M, Kristjansson E for the Cochrane Health Equity Field.  2009.  Equity Checklist for Systematic Review Authors.  Version 2012-10-04. 



Petkovic J, Barton JL, FLurey C, Goel N, Bartels CM, Barnabe C, de Wit MP, Lyddiatt A, Lacaille D, Welch V, Boonen A, Shea B, Christensen R, Maxwell LJ, Campbell W, Jull J, Toupin-April K, Singh JA, Goldsmith CH, Sreih AG, Pohl C, Hofstetter C, Beaton DE, Buchbinder R, Guillemin F, Tugwell PS. Health equity considerations for developing and reporting patient-reported outcomes in clinical trials: A report from the OMERACT Equity Special Interest Group. J Rheum. 2017 Feb 15. 

Tunnicliffe DJ, Singh-Grewal D, Craig JC, Howell M, Tugwell P, Mackie F, Lin MW, O'Neill SG, Ralph AF, Tong A. Healthcare and Research Priorities of Adolescents and Young Adults with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Mixed-methods Study. J Rheum. 2017 Mar 1. 

Welch VA, Ghogomu E, Hossain A, Awasthi S, Bhutta ZA, Cumberbatch C, Fletcher R, McGowan J, Krishnaratne S, Kristjansson E, Sohani S, Suresh S, Tugwell P, White H, Wells GA. Mass deworming to improve developmental health and wellbeing of children in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jan;5(1):e40-e50.


Hartwell G, Thomas S, Egan M, Gilmore A, Petticrew M. E-cigarettes and equity: a systematic review of differences in awareness and use between sociodemographic groups. Tob Control. 2016 Dec 21. pii: tobaccocontrol-2016-053222.

Petkovic J, Welch V, Jacob MH, Yoganathan M, Ayala AP, Cunningham H, Tugwell P. The effectiveness of evidence summaries on health policymakers and health system managers use of evidence from systematic reviews: a systematic review. Implement Sci. 2016 Dec 9;11(1):162.

Sterne JA, Hernán MA, Reeves BC, Savović J, Berkman ND, Viswanathan M, Henry D, Altman DG, Ansari MT, Boutron I, Carpenter JR, Chan AW, Churchill R, Deeks JJ, Hróbjartsson A, Kirkham J, Jüni P, Loke YK, Pigott TD, Ramsay CR, Regidor D, Rothstein HR, Sandhu L, Santaguida PL, Schünemann HJ, Shea B, Shrier I, Tugwell P, Turner L, Valentine JC, Waddington H, Waters E, Wells GA, Whiting PF, Higgins JP. ROBINS-I: a tool for assessing risk of bias in non-randomised studies of interventions. BMJ. 2016 Oct 12;355:i4919.

Meader N, King K, Moe-Byrne T, Wright K, Graham H, Petticrew M, Power C, White M, Sowden AJ. A systematic review on the clustering and co-occurrence of multiple risk behaviours. BMC Public Health. 2016 Jul 29;16:657.

Batista R, Pottie K, Bouchard L, Ng E, Tanuseputro P, Tugwell P. Primary Health Care Models Addressing Health Equity for Immigrants: A Systematic Scoping Review. J Immigr Minor Health. 2016 Nov 17.

Garner P, Hopewell S, Chandler J, MacLehose H, Schünemann HJ, Akl EA, Beyene J, Chang S, Churchill R, Dearness K, Guyatt G, Lefebvre C, Liles B, Marshall R, Martínez García L, Mavergames C, Nasser M, Qaseem A, Sampson M, Soares-Weiser K, Takwoingi Y, Thabane L, Trivella M, Tugwell P, Welsh E, Wilson EC; Panel for updating guidance for systematic reviews (PUGs). When and how to update systematic reviews: consensus and checklist. BMJ. 2016 Jul 20;354:i3507. 

Wolfenden L, Jones J, Williams CM, Finch M, Wyse RJ, Kingsland M, Tzelepis F, Wiggers J, Williams AJ, Seward K, Small T, Welch V, Booth D, Yoong SL. Strategies to improve the implementation of healthy eating, physical activity and obesity prevention policies, practices or programmes within childcare services. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Oct 4;10:CD011779.

Meader N, King K, Moe-Byrne T, Wright K, Graham H, Petticrew M, Power C, White M, Sowden AJ. A systematic review on the clustering and co-occurrence of multiple risk behaviours. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1):657.

Welch VA & Tricco AC.  Reporting guidelines for realist evaluations seek to improve clarity and transparency.  BMC Medicine. 2016;14:109. 

Garner P, Hopewell S, Chandler J, Maclehose H, Schunemann H, Akl EA, Beyene J, Chang S, Churchill E, Dearness K, Guyatt G, Lefebvre C, Liles B, Marshall R, Martinez-Garcia L, Mavergames C, Nasser M, Qaseem A, Sampson M, Soares-Weiser K, Takwoingi Y, Thabane L, Trivella M, Tugwell P, Welsh E, Wilson EC, Panel for updating guidance for systematic reviews. When and how to update systematic reviews: consensus and checklist. BMJ. 2016;354:i3507. 

Cauchi D, Glonti K, Petticrew M, Knai C. Environmental components of childhood obesity prevention interventions: An overview of systematic reviews. Obes Rev. 2016. doi:10-1111/obr.12441.

Stacey D, Legare F, Lyddiatt A, Giguere AM, Yoganathan M, Saarimaki A, Pardo JP, Rader T, Tugwell P. Translating evidence to facilitate shared decision making: Development and usability of a consult decision aid prototype. Patient. 2016: May 11.

Welch V, Petkovic J, Pardo Pardo J, Rader T, Tugwell P. Interactive social media interventions to promote health equity: an overview of reviews. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada: Research, Policy and Practice. 2016;36(4).

Santesso N, Carrasco-Labra A, Langendam M, Brignardello-Petersen R, Mustafa RA, Heus P, Lasserson T, Opiyo N, Kunnamo I, Sinclair D, Garner P, Treweek S, Tovey D, Akl EA, Tugwell P, Brozek JL, Guyatt G, Schunemann H. Improving GRADE evidence tables part 3: Guidance for useful GRADE certainty in the evidence judgments through explanatory footnotes. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016. [Epub ahead of print].

Carrasco-Labra A, Brignardello-Petersen R, Santesso N, Neumann I, Mustafa RA, Mbuagbaw L, Etxeandia Ikobaltzeta I, De Stio C, McCullagh LJ, Alonso-Coello P, Meerpohl JJ, Vandvik PO, Brozek JL, Akl EA, Bossuyt P, Churchill R, Glenton C, Rosenbaum S, Tugwell P, Welch V, Garner P, Guyatt G, Schunemann H. Improving GRADE evidence tables part 1: A randomized trial shows improved understanding of content in Summary-of-Findings Tables with a new format. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016. [Epub ahead of print].


Miramontes L, Pottie K, Jandu MB, Welch V, Miller K, James M, Roberts JH. Including migrant populations in health impact assessments. Bull World Health Organ. 2015;93(12)888-9.

Elliot JH, Grimshaw J, Altman R, Bero L, Goodman SN, Henry D, Macleod M, Tovey D, Tugwell P, White H, Sim I. Informatics: Make sense of health data. Nature. 2015;527(7576):31-2. 

Welch V, Jull J, Petkovic J, Armstrong R, Boyer Y, Cuervo LG, Edwards SJL,  Lyddiatt A, Gough D, Grimshaw J, Kristjansson E, Mbuagbaw L, McGowan J, Moher D, Pantoja T, Petticrew M, Pottie K, Rader R, Shea B, Taljaard M, Waters E, Weijer C, Wells GA, White H, Whitehead M, Tugwell P.  Protocol for the development of a CONSORT equity guideline to improve reporting of health equity in randomized trials. Implementation Science. 10: 146.

Welch V, Petticrew M, Petkovic J, Moher D, Waters E, White H, Tugwell P, PRISMA-Equity Bellagio Group. Extending the PRISMA Statement for equity-focused systematic reviews (PRISMA-E 2012): Explanation and elaboration. J Clin Epidemiol. 2015 Sep 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Co-published in International Journal for Equity in Health. 2015; 14:92 and the Journal of Development Effectiveness. 2016; DOI: 10.1080/19439342.2015.1113196

Beaton DE, Terwee CB, Singh JA, Hawker GA, Patrick DL, Burke LB, Toupin-April K, Tugwell PS. A call for evidence-based decision making when selecting outcome measurement instruments for Summary of Findings tables in systematic reviews: Results from an OMERACT Working Group. J Rheumatol. 2015 Sep 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Christensen R, Singh JA, Wells GA, Tugwell PS. Do "evidence-based recommendations" need to reveal the evidence? Minimal criteria supporting an "evidence claim". J Rheumatol. 2015;42(10):1737-9.

McGill R, Anwar E, Orton L, Bromley H, Lloyd-Williams F, O'Flaherty M, Taylor-Robinson D, Guzman-Castillo M, Gillespie D, Moreira P, Allen K, Hyseni L, Calder N, Petticrew M, White M, Whitehead M, Capewell S. Are interventions to promote healthy eating equally effective for all? Systematic review of socioeconomic inequalities in impact. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:457.

Pottie K, Martin JP, Cornish S, Biorklund LM, Gayton I, Doerner F, Schneider F. Access to healthcare for the most vulnerable migrants: a humanitarian crisis. Confl Health. 2015;9:16.

Petkovic J, Welch V, Tugwell P. Do evidence summaries increase policy-makers’ use of evidence from systematic reviews: A systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews. 2015;4:122.

Bhaumik S, Rana S, Karimkhani C, Welch V, Armstrong R, Pottie K, Dellavalle R, Dhakal P, Oliver S, Francis DK, Nasser M, Crowe S, Aksut B, Amico RD. Ethics and equity in research priority-setting: stakeholder engagement and the needs of disadvantaged groups. Indian J Med Ethics. 2015;12(2):110-3.

Welch V, Boyer Y, Chamberlain C. Can Cochrane Reviews inform decisions to improve Indigenous people’s health?[editorial].Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015;(8): 10.1002/14651858.ED000103

Petkovic J, Epstein J, Buchbinder R, Welch V, Rader T, Lyddiatt A, Clerehan R, Christensen R, Boonen A, Goel N, Maxwell LJ, Toupin-April K, De Wit M, Barton J, Flurey C, Jull J, Barnabe C, Sreih AG, Campbell W, Pohl C, Duruoz MT, Singh JA, Tugwell PS, Guillemin F. Toward ensuring health equity: readability and cultural equivalence of OMERACT Patient-reported Outcome Measures. J Rheumatol. 2015 Jun 15. Epub ahead of print.

Iheozor-Ejiofor Z, Worthington HV, Walsh T, O'Malley L, Clarkson JE, Macey R, Alam R, Tugwell P, Welch V, Glenny AM. Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015. 18;6:CD010856.

Nickerson JW, Hatcher-Roberts J, Adams O, Attaran A, Tugwell P. Assessments of health services availability in humanitarian emergencies: a review of assessments in Haiti and Sudan using a health systems approach. Confl Health. 2015. 8;9:20.

Toupin-April K, Barton J, Fraenkel L, Li L, Grandpierre V, Guillemin F, Rader T, Stacey D, Legare F, Jull J, Petkovic J, Scholte-Voshaar M, Welch V, Lyddiatt A, Hofstetter C, De Wit M, Marche L, Meade T, Christensen R, Gaujoux-Viala C, Suarez-Almazor M, Boonen A, Pohl C, Martin R, Tugwell PS. Development of a Draft Core Set of Domains for Measuring Shared Decision Making in Osteoarthritis: An OMERACT Working Group on Shared Decision Making. Journal of Rheumatology. 2015 April 15. [Epub ahead of print].

Augustincic Polec L, Petkovic J, Welch V, Ueffing E, Tanjong Ghogomu E, Pardo Pardo J, Grabowsky M, Attaran A, Wells GA, Tugwell P. Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD009186. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009186.pub2.
** A podcast of this review is also available. 

Bhaumik S, Rana S, Karimkhani C, Welch V, Armstrong R, Pottie K, Dellavalle R, Dhakal P, Oliver S, Francis DK, Nasser M, Crowe S, Aksut B, D'Amico R. Ethics and equity in research priority-setting: stakeholder engagement and the needs of disadvantaged groups. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics. March 16, 2015

Kristjansson E, Francis DK, Liberato S, Benkhalti Jandu M, Welch V, Batal M, Greenhalgh T, Rader T, Noonan E, Shea B, Janzen L, Wells GA, Petticrew M. Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD009924. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009924.pub2.

Petticrew M, Anderson L, Elder R, Grimshaw J, Hopkins D, Hahn R, Krause L, Kristjansson E, Mercer S, Sipe T, Tugwell P, Ueffing E, Waters E, Welch V. Complex interventions and their implication for systematic reviews: a pragmatic approach. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015;Jan9.

Shamseer L, Moher D, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, Shekelle P, Stewart LA, the PRISMA-P Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015:elaboration and explanation. BMJ. 2015. 2;349:g7647. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g7647

Moher D, Shamseer L, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, Shekelle P, Stewart LA. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta--Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Systematic Reviews. 2015 Jan 1;4(1):1.


Katikireddi SV, Egan M, Petticrew M. How do systematic reviews incorporate risk of bias assessments into the synthesis of evidence? A methodological study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014 Dec 6. pii: jech-2014-204711. doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204711

Shi C, Tian J, Wang Q, Petkovic J, Ren D, Yang K, Yang Y. How equity is addressed in clinical practice guidelines: A content analysis. BMJ Open. 2014; 4:e005660. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005660.

Doull M, Welch V, Puil L, Runnels V, Coen SE, Shea B, O'Neill J, Borkhoff C, Tudiver S, Boscoe M. Development and evaluation of 'briefing notes' as a novel  knowledge translation tool to aid the implementation of sex/gender analysis in systematic reviews: a pilot study. PLOS One. 2014. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110786

Ramke J, Welch V, Blignault I, Gilbert C, Petkovic J, Blanchet K, Christensen R, Zwi AB, Tugwell P. Interventions to improve access to cataract surgical services and their impact on equity in low- and middle-income countries (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD011307. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011307. 

Benkhalti Jandu M, Canuto de Medeiros B, Bourgeault I, Tugwell P. The inclusion of migrants in health impact assessments: A scoping review. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 2015;50:16-24.

Petticrew M, Welch V, Tugwell P. ‘It is surely a great criticism of our profession…’ The next 20 years of equity-focused systematic reviews. JECH. April 2014. doi: 10.1136/jech-2013-203400

Lorenc T, Tyner EF, Petticrew M, Duffy S, Martineau FP, Phillips G, Lock K. Cultures of evidence across policy sectors: systematic review of qualitative evidence. Eur J Public Health. 2014 Mar 27. Epub ahead of print.

O'Neill J, Tabish H, Welch V, Petticrew M, Pottie K, Clarke M, Evans T, Pardo Pardo J, Waters E, White H, Tugwell P. Applying an equity lens to interventions: using PROGRESS ensures consideration of socially stratifying factors to illuminate inequities in health. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2014, 67 (1), pg. 56-64. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.08.005


O'Neill J, Rader T, Guillemin F, Boonen A, Christensen R, Lyddiatt A, Pardo Pardo J, Welch V, Singh JA, Tugwell P. Including health equity considerations in development of instruments for rheumatology research: An introduction to a novel OMERACT paradigm. Journal of Rheumatology. 2013. doi:10.3899/jrheum.130812

Burford BJ, Welch V, Waters E, Tugwell P, Moher D, O'Neill J, Koehlmoos T, Petticrew M. Testing the PRISMA-Equity 2012 reporting guideline: The perspectives of systematic review authors. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(10):e75122. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075122.

Anderson L, Petticrew M, Chandler J, Grimshaw J, Tugwell P, O'Neill J, Welch V, Squires J, Churchill R, Shemilt I. Introducing a series of methodological articles on considering complexity in systematic reviews of interventions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2013;66(11):1205-1208.

Petticrew M, Anderson L, Elder R, Grimshaw J, Hopkins D, Hahn R, Krause L, Kristjansson E, Mercer S, Sipe T, Tugwell P, Ueffing E, Waters E, Welch V. Complex interventions and their implication for systematic reviews: a pragmatic approach. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2013;66(11):1209-1214.

Petticrew M, Rehfuess E, Noyes J, Higgins JPT, Mayhew A, Pantoja T, Shemilt I, Sowden A. Synthesizing evidence on complex interventions: how meta-analytical, qualitative, and mixed-method approaches can contribute. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2013;66(11):1230-1243.

Burford B, Lewin S, Welch V, Rehfuess E, Waters E. Assessing the applicability of findings in systematic reviews of complex interventions can enhance the utility of reviews for decision making. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2013;66(11):1251-1261.

Noyes J, Gough D, Lewin S, Mayhew A, Michie S, Pantoja T, Petticrew M, Pottie K, Rehfuess E, Shemilt I, Shepperd S, Sowden A, Tugwell P, Welch V. A research and development agenda for systematic reviews that ask complex questions about complex interventions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2013;66(11):1262-1270.

Watts P, Phillips G, Petticrew M, Hayes R, Bottomley C, Yu G, Schmidt E, Tobi P, Moore D, Frostick C, Lock K, Renton A. Physical activity in deprived communities in London: examining individual and neighbourhood-level factors. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7): doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069472

Welch VA, Petticrew M, O'Neill J, Waters E, Armstrong R, Bhutta ZA, Francis D, Perez Koehlmoos T, Kristjansson E, Pantoja T, Tugwell P. Health equity: evidence synthesis and knowledge translation methods . Systematic Reviews. 2013, 2:43. doi:10.1186/2046-4053-2-43.

Martineau F, Tyner E, Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Lock K. Population-level interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm: An overview of systematic reviews. Prev Med. 2013 doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.019

Datta J, Petticrew M. Challenges to evaluating complex interventions: a content analysis of published papers. BMC Public Health. 2013:13:568. doi:doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-568

Dalton AM, Jones A, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, White M, Cummins S. Using spatial equity analysis in the process evaluation of environmental interventions to tackle obesity: the health towns programme in England. Int J Equity Health. 2013; 12:43.

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton, A. (2013). Environmental interventions to reduce fear of crime: systematic review of effectiveness. Systematic Revews. 2:30. doi:10.1186/2046-4053-2-30.

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Fear of crime and the environment: a systematic review of UK qualitative evidence. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:496.

Thomson  H, Thomas  S, Sellstrom  E, Petticrew  M. Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews  2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD008657. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008657.pub2.

Francis DK, Lazzarini PA, Ferguson TS, Jen SD, Cumberbatch C, Welch V. Education of health professionals for preventing diabetic foot ulceration (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD010433. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010433.

Reeves BC, Higgins JPT, Ramsay C, Shea B, Tugwell P, Wells GA. (2013) An introduction to methodological issues when including non-randomised studies in systematic reviews on the effects of interventions. Res. Synth. Method, 4: 1-11. doi: 10.1002/jrsm.1068

Nasser M, Welch V, Ueffing E, Crowe S, Oliver S, Carlo R, Evidence in agenda setting: new directions for the Cochrane Collaboration, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Available online 9 January 2013, ISSN 0895-4356, 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2012.08.006.

Welch VA, Awasthi S, Cumberbatch C, Fletcher R, McGowan J, Krishnaratne S, Sohani S, Tugwell P, Wells  GA. (2013). Deworming and Adjuvant Interventions for Improving the Developmental Health and Well-being of Children in Low- and Middle-income Countries: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.

Coren E, Hossain R, Pardo Pardo J, Veras MMS, Chakraborty K, Harris H, Martin AJ. Interventions for promoting reintegration and reducing harmful behaviour and lifestyles in street-connected children and young people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009823. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009823.pub2.

Welch V, Petticrew M, Tugwell P, Moher D, O'Neill J, Waters E, White H, y el grupo PRISMA-Equity Bellagio. Extensión PRISMA-Equidad 2012: guías para la escritura y la publicación de revisiones sistemáticas enfocadas en la equidad en salud. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2013;34(1):60-67.


Pottie  K, Dahal  G, Logie  C, Welch  V. Rapid testing for improving uptake of HIV/AIDS services in people with HIV infection (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews  2011, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD003507. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003507.pub2.

Kristjansson  E, Francis  DK, Liberato  S, Benkhalti Jandu  M, Welch  V, Batal  M, Greenhalgh  T, Rader  T, Noonan  E, Shea  B, Janzen  L, Wells  GA, Petticrew  M. Feeding interventions for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged children aged three months to five years (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews  2012, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD009924. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009924.

Muckle W, Muckle J, Welch V, Tugwell P. Managed alcohol as a harm reduction intervention for alcohol addiction in populations at high risk for substance abuse. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD006747. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006747.pub2.

Welch V, Brand K, Kristjansson E, Janet Smylie J, Wells G, and Tugwell P. Systematic reviews need to consider applicability to disadvantaged populations: inter-rater agreement for a health equity plausibility algorithm. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2012, 12:187 doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-187

Waddington H, White H, Snilstveit B, Garcia Hombrados J, Vojtkova M, Davies P, Bhavsar A, Eyers J, Perez Koehlmoos T, Petticrew M, Valentine JC, Tugwell P. (2012) How to do a good systematic review of effects in international development: a tool kitJournal of Development Effectiveness. 4(3).

Welch V, Petticrew M, Tugwell P, Moher D, O'Neill J, Waters E, White H, and the PRISMA-Equity Bellagio Group. (2012) PRISMA-Equity 2012 Extension: Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews with a Focus on Health Equity. PLoS Med 9(10): e1001333. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001333

Lorenc L, Petticrew M, Welch V, Tugwell P. What types of interventions generate inequalities? Evidence from systematic reviews. J Epidemiol Community Health. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201257

Petticrew M, Chalabi Z, Jones DR. To RCT or not to RCT. Deciding when “more evidence is needed” for public health policy and practice.  J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 May;66(5):391-6. doi: 10.1136/jech.2010

Welch V, Petticrew M, Ueffing E, Benkhalti Jandu M, Brand K, et al. (2012) Does Consideration and Assessment of Effects on Health Equity Affect the Conclusions of Systematic Reviews? A Methodology Study. PLoS ONE 7: e31360. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031360. Available: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031360.


Petticrew M, Tugwell P, Kristjansson E, Oliver S, Ueffing E, Welch V. Damned if you do, damned if you don't: subgroup analysis and equity. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2011. Available: http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2011/06/06/jech.2010.121095.short?rss=1

Anderson LM, Petticrew M, Rehfuess E, Armstrong R, Ueffing E, Baker P, Francis D, Tugwell P. Using logic models to capture complexity in systematic reviews. Research Synthesis Methods 2011 Jun 10.  Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.32.

Bonell C, Harden A, Wells H, Jamal F, Fletcher A, Petticrew M, Thomas J, Whitehead M, Campbell R, Murphy S, Moore L. Protocol for systematic review of the effects of schools and school-environment interventions on health: evidence mapping and syntheses. BMC Public Health 2011; 11(1):453

Ogilvie D, Cummins S et al. Assessing the Evaluability of Complex Public Health Interventions: Five Questions for Researchers, Funders, and Policymakers. Milbank Quarterly 2011; 89(2):206-225.

Petticrew M. When are complex interventions “complex”? When are simple interventions “simple”? Eur J Public Health, 2011; 21(4):397-398.

Petticrew M,  McCartney G. Using systematic reviews to separate scientific from policy debate relevant to climate change.  Am J Prev Med. 2011 40 (5) 2011, 576-578.

Gibson M, Petticrew M, Bambda C, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M. Housing and health inequalities: a synthesis of systematic reviews of interventions aimed at different pathways linking housing and health. Health & Place. 2011; 17(1):175-184.


Booth A, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Moher D, Petticrew M, Stewart L. An International Registry of Systematic Review Protocols. Lancet. 2010. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60903-8.

Welch V, Tugwell P, Petticrew M, de Montigny J, Ueffing E, Kristjansson B, McGowan J, Benkhalti Jandu M, Wells GA, Brand K, Smylie J. How effects on health equity are assessed in systematic reviews of interventions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Dec 8;12:MR000028

Wilson P, Petticrew M, Calnan M, Nazareth I. Dissemination: what should researchers do? A systematic review of conceptual planning frameworks.   Implementation Science 2010, 5:91.

Tugwell P, Petticrew M, Kristjansson E, Welch V, Ueffing E, Waters E, Bonnefoy J, Morgan A, Doohan E, Kelly MP.  Assessing equity in systematic reviews:  realising the recommendations of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.  BMJ. 2010 Sept 13;341:c4739.


Petticrew M, Tugwell P, Welch V, Ueffing E, Kristjansson E, Armstrong R, Doyle J and Waters E. Better evidence about wicked issues in tackling health inequities. Journal of Public Health  2009; doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdp076.

Singh JA, Christensen R, Wells GA, Suarez-Almazor ME, Buchbinder R, Lopez-Olivo MA, Tanjong GE, Tugwell P. Biologics for rheumatoid arthritis: an overview of Cochrane reviews. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009;(4):CD007848.


Tugwell P, Maxwell L, Welch V, Kristjansson E, Petticrew M, Wells G, Buchbinder R, Suarez-Almazor M, Nowlan MA, Ueffing E, Khan M, Shea B, Tsikata S.  Is health equity considered in systematic reviews of the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group?  Arthritis Care & Research 2008;59(11):1603-10.

Thomas S, Fayter D, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Whitehead M, Worthy G.  Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking:  systematic review.  Tobacco Control, published online 19 May 2008.


Dans AM, Dans L, Oxman AD, Robinson V, Acuin J, Tugwell P, Dennis R, Kang D.  Assessing equity in clinical practice guidelines.  Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60(6):540-6, 2007.

Fedorowicz Z, Waters E, Tugwell P, Nasser M. Health research priority setting in developing countries of the eastern Mediterranean region: partnering with the Cochrane Collaboration. East Mediterr Health J 13(3):727-30, 2007 May-Jun.

Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V. Realist review to understand the efficacy of school feeding programmes. BMJ 335(7625):858-61, 2007 Oct 27.

James PD, Wilkins R, Detsky AS, Tugwell P, Manuel DG. Avoidable mortality by neighbourhood income in Canada: 25 years after the establishment of universal health insurance. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61:287-96, 2007.

Kristjansson E, Robinson V, Petticrew M, Macdonald B, Krasevec J, Janzen L, Greenhalgh T, Wells G, Macgowan J, Farmer A, Shea B, Mayhew A, Tugwell P. School feeding for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged elementary school children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1):CD004676, 2007.


Tugwell P, de Savigny D, Hawker G, Robinson V. Applying clinical epidemiological methods to health equity: the equity effectiveness loop. [Review]. BMJ 332(7537):358-61, 2006.  http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/332/7537/358

Tugwell P, O'Connor A, Andersson N, Mhatre S, Kristjansson E, Jacobsen MJ, Robinson V, Hatcher-Roberts J, Shea B, Francis D, Beardmore J, Wells GA, Losos J. Reduction of inequalities in health: assessing evidence-based tools. International Journal for Equity in Health 5:11, 2006.

Tugwell P, Sitthi-Amorn C, Hatcher-Roberts J, Neufeld V, Makara P, Munoz F, Czerny P, Robinson V, Nuyens Y, Okello D. Health Research Profile to assess the capacity of low and middle income countries for equity-oriented research. BMC Public Health 6:151, 2006.  http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/6/151

Tugwell P, Petticrew M, Robinson V, Kristjansson E, Maxwell L, Cochrane Equity Field Editorial Team. Cochrane and Campbell Collaborations, and health equity. Lancet 367(9517):1128-30, 2006.


Tugwell P, Robinson V, Kristjansson E. The role of clinical epidemiology in health equity: Let's take action! Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 58(8):751-2, 2005.


Tugwell P, Kristjansson B. Moving from description to action: challenges in researching socio-economic inequalities in health.[comment]. Canadian Journal of Public Health Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 95 (2):85-9, 2004 Apr.


Peer-reviewed Book Chapters

Robinson V, Tugwell P, Petticrew M, Kristjansson E, Waters E. What works at enhancing health equity? Cochrane and Campbell. In: Global Forum Update on Research for Health Volume 2, Poverty, Equity and Health Research.  Geneva: World Health Organization, September 2005, pp 64-69.  http://announcementsfiles.cohred.org/gfhr_pub/assoc/s14810e/s14810e.pdf


Tunnicliffe DJ1, Singh-Grewal D1, Craig JC1, Howell M1, Tugwell P1, Mackie F1, Lin MW1, O'Neill SG1, Ralph AF1, Tong A1.