Welcome

Cochrane Qualitative & Implementation Methods Group 

Our focus is on methods and processes involved in the synthesis of qualitative evidence and the integration of qualitative evidence with Cochrane intervention reviews of effects. Our purpose is to advise Cochrane and its network of people on policy and practice and qualitative evidence synthesis, develop and maintain methodological guidance, and provide training to those undertaking Cochrane reviews. From 2012 our mandate was extended to include methods for undertaking systematic reviews of implementation.

***RECENT GUIDANCE*** 

In December 2017 supplemental guidance on reviewing qualitative and implementation evidence was  published in Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. This represents the CQIMG's current thinking on qualitative evidence synthesis:

1. Noyes J, Booth A, Cargo M, Flemming K, Garside R, Hannes K, Harden A, Harris J, Lewin S, Pantoja T, Thomas J, Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance Series - Paper 1: Introduction, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.09.025.

2. Noyes J, Booth A, Flemming K, Garside R, Harden A, Lewin S, Pantoja T, Hannes K, Cargo M, Thomas J, Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance Paper 2: Methods for assessing methodological limitations, data extraction and synthesis, and confidence in synthesized qualitative findings, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.06.020.

3. Cargo M, Harris J, Pantoja T, Booth A, Harden A, Hannes K, Thomas J, Flemming K, Garside R, Noyes J. Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance Paper 3: Methods for Assessing Evidence on Intervention Implementation. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2017 Dec 6. pii: S0895-4356(17)31334-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.11.028.

4. Harden A, Thomas J, Cargo M, Harris J, Pantoja T, Flemming K, Booth A, Garside R, Hannes K, Noyes J, Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance Paper 4: Methods for integrating qualitative and implementation evidence within intervention effectiveness reviews, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.11.029.

5. Flemming K, Booth A, Hannes K, Cargo M, Noyes J. Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance Paper 5: Reporting guidelines for qualitative, implementation and process evaluation evidence syntheses. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2017 Dec 5. pii: S0895-4356(17)31327-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.10.022.

6. Harris JL, Booth A, Cargo M, Hannes K, Harden A, Flemming K, Garside R, Pantoja T, Thomas J, Noyes J, Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group Guidance series - paper 6: Methods for question formulation, searching and protocol development for qualitative evidence synthesis, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.10.023.

This supplemental guidance is intended for use in conjunction with the current edition of the Cochrane Handbook. 

In January 2018 additional guidance was issued on the use of CERQual for assessing confidence in synthesised findings from qualitative evidence syntheses. The series of seven papers covers issues of wider concern to producers of qualitative syntheses such as methodological limitations, relevance and dissemination bias:

 1. Lewin S, Booth A, Glenton C, Munthe-Kaas H, Rashidian A, Wainwright M, et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings: introduction to the series. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0688-3 

2. Lewin S, Bohren M, Rashidian A, Munthe-Kaas H, Glenton C, Colvin CJ, Garside R, Noyes J, Booth A, et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings—paper 2: how to make an overall CERQual assessment of confidence and create a Summary of Qualitative Findings table. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0689-2 

3. Munthe-Kaas H, Bohren MA, Glenton C, Lewin S, Noyes J, Tunçalp Ö, Booth A et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings—paper 3: how to assess methodological limitations. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0690-9 

4. Colvin CJ, Garside R, Wainwright M, Munthe-Kaas H, Glenton C, Bohren MA, Carlsen B, Tunçalp Ö, Noyes J, Booth A  et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings—paper 4: how to assess coherence. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0691-8 

5. Glenton C, Carlsen B, Lewin S, Munthe-Kaas H, Colvin CJ, Tunçalp Ö, Bohren MA, Noyes J, Booth A et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings—paper 5: how to assess adequacy of data. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0692-7 

6. Noyes J, Booth A, Lewin S, Carlsen B, Glenton C, Colvin CJ, et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings–paper 6: how to assess relevance of the data. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0693-6 

7. Booth A, Lewin S, Glenton C, Munthe-Kaas H, Toews I, Noyes J, Rashidian A, Berg RC, Nyakango B et al. Applying GRADE-CERQual to qualitative evidence synthesis findings–paper 7: understanding the potential impacts of dissemination bias. Implementation Science; 2018 Jan;13(S1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-017-0694-5 

Click here for a Seminar on the CERQUAL Approach - a new approach to qualitative evidence syntheses analysis from our lead convenor Professor Jane Noyes.

The CERQUAL Approach is explained in an overview article in PLOS Medicine: Lewin S, Glenton C, Munthe-Kaas H, Carlsen B, Colvin CJ, Gülmezoglu M, et al. Using Qualitative Evidence in Decision Making for Health and Social Interventions: An Approach to Assess Confidence in Findings from Qualitative Evidence Syntheses (GRADE-CERQual). PLoS Med. 2015 Oct;12(10):e1001895+. Available from:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001895.

NEWS: Systematic Reviews of Quantitative and/or Qualitative Evidence Training event (March 28-30 2018, Leuven)

Quantitative review track
Qualitative review track
Combined quantitative and qualitative review track
Register here

NEWS: Evidence Synthesis of Qualitative Research in Europe (ESQUIRE) 3 Day Course: Tuesday, 11th - Thursday, 13th September 2018 (Sheffield)

Register here

NEWS: Mixed-method ApproacheS To Evidence Reviews In Europe (MASTERIE) - NEW for 2018. 2 day Course: Tuesday, 3rd - Wednesday, 4th July 2018 (Sheffield)

Register here

VIDEOS

Click here for a Canadian Cochrane Center YouTube Tutorial on Qualitative Evidence Synthesis from our lead convenor Professor Jane Noyes.

Click here for a KTDRR YouTube Webinar Introduction to Reviewing and Synthesing Qualitative Research from our co-convenor Dr Karin Hannes 

Click here for a KTDRR YouTube Webinar Methods for synthesizing qualitative evidence from our co-convenor Dr Ruth Garside

Click here for a YouTube Webinar on Quality Assessment for Qualitative Research from our co-convenor Dr Karin Hannes

Click here for a YouTube Mini-Tutorial on Critically Appraising a Qualitative Research Study from our co-convenor Dr Andrew Booth  

Click here for a KTDRR YouTube Webinar on Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence from our co-convenor Professor James Thomas

Click here for the minor (Web) update of the Cochrane Handbook Chapter on Qualitative Research and Cochrane Reviews.