Publications and references on PMA methods


  1. Thomas J, Askie LM, Berlin JA, Elliott JH, Ghersi D, Simmonds M, Takwoingi Y, Tierney JF, Higgins HPT. Chapter 22: Prospective approaches to accumulating evidence. In: Higgins JPT, Thomas J, Chandler J, Cumpston M, Li T, Page MJ, Welch VA (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 6.1 (updated September 2020). Cochrane, 2020. Available from
  2. Berlin JA and Ghersi D. Preventing publication bias: Registries and prospective meta-analysis. In Rothstein H, Borenstein M, Sutton AJ (eds). Publication bias in meta-analysis: Prevention, assessment and adjustments. Chichester: John Wiley, 2005. [Wiley] 

Journal articles:

  1. Hunter KE. Untapping the hidden value of clinical trial registries. BMJ. 2022;377:o1058. [Link]
  2. Hunter KE, Webster AC, Page MJ, Willson M, McDonald S, Berber S, et al. Searching clinical trials registers: guide for systematic reviewers. BMJ. 2022;377:e068791. [Link]
  3. Seidler AL, Hunter KE, Espinoza D, Mihrshahi S, Askie LM, on behalf of the EPOCH Collaboration: Quantifying the advantages of conducting a prospective meta-analysis (PMA): a case study of early childhood obesity prevention. Trials 2021, 22(1):78. [Pubmed]
  4. Seidler Anna Lene, Hunter Kylie E, Cheyne Saskia, Ghersi Davina, Berlin Jesse A, Askie Lisa. A guide to prospective meta-analysis BMJ 2019; 367 :l5342. [Pubmed]
  5. Turok DK, Espey E, Edelman AB, Lotke PS, Lathrop EH, Teal SB, Jacobson JC, Simonsen SE, Schulz KF. The methodology for developing a prospective meta-analysis in the family planning community. Trials. 2011, 12:104. [Pubmed]
  6. Reade MC, Delaney A, Bailey MJ, Harrison DA, Yealy DM, Jones PG, Rowan KM, Bellomo R, Angus DC. Prospective meta-analysis using individual patient data in intensive care medicine. Intensive Care Med. 2010, 36: 11-21. [Pubmed]
  7. Sutton AJ, Higgins JP. Recent developments in meta-analysis. Stat Med. 2008, 27: 625-650. [Pubmed]
  8. Berlin JA, Ghersi D. Prospective meta-analysis in dentistry. J Evid Based Dent Prac. 2004, 4(1): 59-64. [Link]
  9. Blettner M, Sauerbrei W, Schlehofer B, Scheuchenpflug T, Friedenreich C. Traditional reviews, meta-analyses and pooled analyses in epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol. 1999, 28: 1-9. [Pubmed]
  10. Langhorne P. Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test. Prospectively identified trials could be used for comparison with meta-analyses (letter). Br Med J. 1998, 316: 471. [Pubmed]
  11. Stern JM, Simes RJ. Publication bias: evidence of delayed publication in a cohort study of clinical research projects. Br Med J. 1997, 315: 640-645. [Pubmed]
  12. Whitehead A. A prospectively planned cumulative meta-analysis applied to a series of concurrent clinical trials. Stat Med. 1997, 16: 2901-2913. [Pubmed]
  13. Begg CB. The role of meta-analysis in monitoring clinical trials. Stat Med. 1996, 15: 1299-1311. [Pubmed]
  14. Lau J, Schmid CH, Chalmers TC. Cumulative meta-analysis of clinical trials builds evidence for exemplary medical care. J Clin Epidemiol. 1995, 48: 45-57. [Pubmed]
  15. Margitic SE, Morgan TM, Sager MA, Furberg CD. Lessons learned from a prospective meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995, 43: 435-439. [Pubmed]