Sex and Gender Analysis - Publications

Publications and Selected References

Guidance for systematic review authors

Briefing notes that provide systematic review authors with information and guidance on sex and gender analysis:

Journal articles and book chapters

Antequera A, Stallings E, Henry RS, Lopez-Alcalde JL, Runnels V, Tudiver S, Tugwell P, Welch V. Sex and Gender Appraisal Tool-Systematic reviews-2 and participation-to-prevalence ratio assessed to whom the evidence applies in sepsis reviews. J Clin Epidemiol. 2022;142:119-132

Dewidar O, Podinic I, Barbeau V, Patel D, Antequera A, Birnie D, Welch V, Wells GA. Integrating sex and gender in studies of cardiac resynchronization therapy: A systematic review. ESC Heart Fail. 2022;9(1):420-427.

Le AL, Visintini S, Tugwell P, Petkovic J, Shea B, Kinihan J, Jiang K, et al. Women’s health inequities during covid-19:a rapid scoping review. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. 2021;43(5):654.

Petkovic J, Trawin J, Dewidar O, Yoganathan M, Tugwell P, Welch V. Sex/gender reporting and analysis in Campbell and Cochrane systematic reviews: a cross-sectional methods study. Syst Rev. 2018 Aug 2;7(1):113.

Welch V, Doull M, Yoganathan M, Jull J, Boscoe M, Coen SE, Marshall Z, Pardo Pardo J, Pederson A, Petkovic J, Puil L, Quinlan L, Shea B, Rader T. Runnels V, Tudiver S. Reporting of sex and gender in randomized controlled trials in Canada: a cross-sectional methods study. Research Integrity and Peer Review. 2017;2:15.

Doull M, Welch V, Puil L, Runnels V, Coen SE, Shea B, O'Neill J, Borkhoff C, Tudiver S, Boscoe M. Development and evaluation of 'briefing notes' as a novel  knowledge translation tool to aid the implementation of sex/gender analysis in systematic reviews: a pilot study. PLOS One. 2014. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110786

Runnels, V., Tudiver, S., Doull, M., Boscoe, M. (2014). The challenges of including sex/gender analysis in systematic reviews: a qualitative survey. Systematic Reviews. 3:33  doi:10.1186/2046-4053-3-33.

Tudiver, S., Boscoe, M., Runnels, V.E., Doull, M. (2012). Challenging "dis-ease": sex, gender and systematic reviews in health in What a difference sex and gender make: A Gender, Sex and Health Research Casebook. Ottawa: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute of Gender and Health.

Doull, M., Runnels V., Tudiver, S., Boscoe, M. (2010). Appraising the evidence: applying sex and gender based analysis (SGBA) to Cochrane systematic reviews on cardiovascular diseases. Journal of Women's Health. 19(5):997-1003

Boscoe, M., Doull M., & Runnels, V.E. (2009). Sex and gender in systematic reviews. In Clow, B., Pederson, A., Haworth-Brockman, M., Bernier, J. [Eds.] Rising to the challenge: Sex- and gender-based analysis for health planning, policy and research in Canada (pp. 44-48). Halifax, Nova Scotia: Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women's Health.

Recent Oral presentations

Puil L., Tudiver S., Doull M., Boscoe N., Runnells V., Welch V., Shea B.  Sex, Gender and Systematic Reviews in Health: Fitting the tool to the purpose. Advancing Excellence in Gender, Sex and Health Research, Institute of Gender and Health, Montreal, Canada, October 29, 2012. 

Runnels, V.; Welch, V.; Petticrew, M.; Tugwell, P.; Moher, D.; O’Neill, J.; Waters, E.; White, H. and the PRISMA-Equity Bellagio Group (2012) Developing an Equity-Extension of the PRISMA checklist.  Advancing Excellence in Gender, Sex and Health Research, Institute of Gender and Health, Montreal, Canada, October 29, 2012. 

Boscoe, M and Tudiver, S. Sex, Gender and Systematic Reviews in Health: Terms of Engagement.  Presented at the international workshop Taking the Measure of Gender, Carleton University. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. September 27-29, 2012. 

Doull M., Tudiver S., Boscoe M., Puil L., Runnels V., Welch V., Shea B., Borkhoff C., O’Neill J. (2012). Sex and gender-based analysis: Developing a knowledge translation tool with the Cochrane Hypertension, HIV/AIDS and Musculoskeletal Review Groups. Workshop. Canadian Cochrane Symposium. 8-9th May, 2012, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Runnels, V., Tudiver, S.; Boscoe, M. & Doull, M. (2011). Results of the pre-meeting participant survey. Presentation to "Combining forces to improve systematic reviews: Gender, equity and bias. May 2nd and May 3rd, 2011.University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario.

Doull M., Mintzes B., Tudiver S., Boscoe M. (2011). To whom does the evidence apply? addressing sex and gender to enhance the credibility of systematic reviews. Workshop. Canadian Cochrane Conference. February 16-17th, 2011. Vancouver, British Columbia. 

Doull, M.,Runnels, V.,Tudiver, S., Boscoe, M. (2010). To whom does the evidence apply: Sex and gender-based analysis and systematic reviews.  Presentation at Innovations in Gender, Sex, and Health Research Conference (CIHR Institute of Gender and Health). November 21 and 22, 2010.Toronto,Ontario. 

Runnels, V., Doull, M., Boscoe, M., Tudiver, S. (2009) Applying sex- and gender-based analysis (SGBA) to systematic reviews. A presentation to Women and Health Care Reform Working Group. December 13, 2009. Ottawa, Ontario.

Boscoe, M., Doull, M., Runnels, V., Tudiver, S. (2009). Gender-based analysis: Relevance to Cochrane systematic reviews. A discussion workshop on a sex & gender appraisal tool. 7th Canadian Cochrane Symposium.Halifax,Nova Scotia. March 11-12, 2009.

Recent Poster presentations

Puil, L., Doull, M., Tudiver S., Boscoe, M., Welch, V., Runnels, V., Shea, B., O'Neill, J. (2012). Applying sex and gender analysis to systematic reviews: development of a new knowledge translation tool. Poster Presentation. International Cochrane Colloquium, Auckland, New Zealand, September 30-October 3rd  2012.

Related Resources

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). (2010). Gender, Sex and Health Research Guide: A Tool for CIHR Applicants. Available:

Heidari, S., Babor, T. Science editors: Evaluate gender equality in journals. Nature. 2013:495(7493); 47. Available:

Johnson, J.L., & Beaudet, A. Sex and Gender Reporting in Health Research: Why Canada Should Be a Leader. Can J Public Health 2013;104(1):e80-e81. Available:

Johnson, J. L. &, Repta, R. (2012). Sex and gender: Beyond the binaries. In J.L. Oliffe & L. Greaves (Eds.) Designing and conducting gender, sex, and health research(pp. 17-37).Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. 

Kim, A.M., Tingen, C.M., Woodruff, T.K. Sex bias in trials and treatment must end. Nature. 2010; 465:688-89. Available:

Krieger N., (2003). Genders, sexes, and health: What are the connections – and why does it matter? Int J Epidemiol 32,652-57. Available:

Institute of Medicine. Sex-specific reporting of scientific research: A workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academic Press, 2012. Available: 

Putting gender on the agenda [Editorial]. Nature 2010; 465-665. Available:

Zucker I., Beery A.K. Males still dominate animal studies. Nature 2010: 465:690. Available: